For the female body-pregnancy, childbirth and recovery after birth – an important and responsible stages. While waiting for a baby expectant mother should be observed by specialists and regularly undergo the required medical examination. Depends on a favorable course of pregnancy and fetal development, the preservation of the health of both.

In our country, the monitoring of the pregnancy is public antenatal clinics and private medical centers

In antenatal clinics presents a whole range of services for planning pregnancy and pregnant women.

ведение беременности

Help planning pregnancy

In life expectant parents planning for pregnancy is crucial. Your lifestyle and health status necessary to perform before the onset of pregnancy. Couples planning a pregnancy, consists of the following steps:

  • a visit to the obstetrician-gynecologist;
  • talk with experts about the dietary habits of the expectant mother;
  • talk about bad habits: Smoking, alcohol and drugs;
  • detection of existing diseases (hypertension, heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes and others);
  • testing for the presence of infectious diseases;
  • a blood test for a number of indicators;
  • urine;
  • genetics counseling.

It is important to prepare for pregnancy, both expectant parents.

The pregnancy

The expectant mother is important to understand that during pregnancy changes the functioning of all internal organs, the load on them is increased. Even if the pregnancy proceeds without complications, you need medical attention for her. At the very first signs of pregnancy it is important to consult a doctor.

Initially, the gynecologist will refer you for ultrasound examination (sonography). It is necessary to determine the presence of pregnancy, its duration, and the exclusion of ectopic pregnancy.

To 12 weeks it is advisable to register. This will make all the necessary tests in the first trimester of pregnancy that will allow you to assess the health of the expectant mother and child, to prevent possible complications.

After registration, the management of pregnancy includes:

  • Systematic examinations of the obstetrician-gynecologist, depending on the period (first trimester – once a month, second trimester, twice a month, third trimester – every week). During the examination you will be weighed, the doctor will measure the pressure, the size of the uterus, abdominal circumference, determine the position of the fetus and hear the heartbeat, see you on the gynecological chair by deadline. You will receive advice about nutrition, organization mode of the day, assigned the necessary vitamin and mineral complexes. The doctor will tell you about possible sensations during pregnancy, what is to be feared and when you should urgently seek help.
  • The examination of the physician.
  • Inspection endocrinologist.
  • Examination of the eye.
  • Inspection otolaryngologist.
  • Review dentist.
  • Recording of the electrocardiogram pregnant.
  • Recording of the electrocardiogram of the fetus (after 34 weeks).
  • Three-time ultrasound examination of the fetus.
  • Blood tests depending on the period (total, clotting, biochemical, and sugar levels, and to determine blood group and RH factor, infectious diseases, hormonal analysis, etc.).
  • Periodic examination of urine for assessment of kidney function (for rent analysis before each visit to the obstetrician-gynecologist).
  • Screening of the fetus (prenatal, genetic).
  • To see other specialists if necessary.

Management of pregnancy should be systematic and should start as early as possible in the same medical facility, one of the specialists. This medical supervision is the guarantor of successful pregnancy and subsequent birth.

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