Often people wanting to saturate the body with vitamins and nutrients, focus on the well-known and widely advertised components – vitamins a, b, E, and S. however, many forget about the micronutrients, which are no less important and useful. This category refers to the iodine; it will be discussed in today’s article.

What is iodine?

Iodine belongs to the trace elements and exist in all living organisms, as impossible without the full functioning of many processes. In humans and animals iodine is produced in the composition of thyroid hormones with the thyroid gland.

Mined iodine often from Chilean nitrate, seaweed. In sufficient quantity it is in sea waterand in air and soil near the sea.

In addition to the independent production of iodine, one gets it from food and air. It is able to accumulate in the thyroid gland, which controls the processes of growth, metabolism, the condition of the tissues, production of hormones (triiodothyronine and thyroxine).

Despite the prevalence of iodine in nature and the presence of the body, from the lack of it, affects about two billion people. In some regions this problem is little, and in others, iodine deficiency common.

The role of iodine in human body

– Adjusts heart rate.

– Reduces the risk of pathological pregnancy in women.

– Supports proper metabolism.

– Regulates the development and growth of cells, soft tissues and bones.

– Normalizes the Central nervous system.

– Reduces the amount of “bad” cholesterol.

The daily rate of substance use

The quantity of iodine per day depends on the physiological characteristics and age. The who recommends that adolescents from 12 years adults consume 150 micrograms of the substance per day, while pregnant and women in lactation period – 200 mcg.

Despite approved standards, experts from the Academy of Sciences of the USA believe that they should increase and carry out research in this direction to finally announce a new version of the regulations.

List of foods containing iodine

Indicates the amount of iodine in mcg per 100 grams of product:

hake – 430;

– cod liver oil – 370;

– seaweed – 300;

– squid – 300;

– salmon – 260;

– flounder – 190;

– Pollock – 150;

– boiled shrimp – 90;

– salted herring – 77;

– oysters – 60;

– capelin, catfish, tuna, salmon, catfish – 50;

– eggs – 20;

– mushrooms – 18;

– condensed milk – 10;

– radishes – 8;

– chicken – 6;

– white bread and 5.6.

From this list you already know that you should consume sea fish and seafoodto saturate the body with this vital trace mineral.

Products and drugs that interfere with the absorption of iodine by the body

There is a small list of foods that hinder the absorption of iodine by the body:

– cabbage;

corn of all kinds;

soy;

– mustard;

– dill.

The drugs include penicillin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, and bromine.

Reduces the level of iodine in the body intestines in a state of dysbiosis, as well as tap water.

Iodine deficiency

Iodine deficiency often leads to pathologies of the thyroid gland and mental disorders. Against the background of a shortage develops cretinism, goiter, congenital mental disability.

To reduce the amount of iodine in the body may inadequate intake of food containing iodine, irradiation with radioactive substances, the lack of selenium, pregnancy, alcoholic drinks, cigarettes, old age.


Symptoms of iodine deficiency:

– quick fatigue;

– the state of chronic fatigue;

headaches;

– memory impairment;

– irritability.

For accurate diagnosis of iodine deficiency , it is recommended to do thyroid ultrasound, to hand over a blood on hormones of a thyroid gland, and urinalysis.

Excess iodine in the body

According to statistics, the excess of this trace mineral in humans is rare, as well as the substance excreted in the urine. However, such cases are most often due to excess dose of the medication containing iodine.

Symptoms of excess iodine:

– nausea and vomiting;

– darkening of the mucous membranes;

– metallic taste in the mouth;

– abdominal pain;

– diarrhea.

The symptoms are eliminated by gastric lavage with a solution of starch or 5% sodium thiosulfate.

If you live far from the sea, be sure to take time to visit sea regions at least 2 weeks out of the year. Don’t forget to include in the diet foods rich in iodine. Because this component is an important mechanism in the body that support its proper functioning.

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