Ивана Купала 2013: традиции, приметы и поверьяИвана Купала 2013: традиции, приметы и поверья
Midsummer festival falls on the day of the summer solstice, 23-24 June (old style) and the shortest night of the year.
Pagan God of fertility and summer sun Kupala never had a name and bought it after the coming of Christianity, when on the same day was the feast of the Nativity of John the Baptist. Therefore, the Kupala celebration is sometimes called Ivanov day or day of Ivan Travnik.
According to popular belief, on the day of Ivan Kupala for requests opens heaven and earth, while in the days of the winter solstice (for Christmas) only the sky opens.

In support of the Sun
In the days of the summer solstice, the sun is in the heart of the heavenly dome, reaching the highest point, and the strength of his glow. It was believed that all life is filled in these days of magic power: on the night of Ivan Kupala trees move through the forest, and birds, animals, plants and herbs can talk.
Holiday and reminded of that time is moving towards winter, and day by day the nights get longer. Dark forces rejoiced in this eventuality, and we were ready to any mischief. Not to give unclean prevent the sun meeting with the dawn, people Kupala night kindled fires, identifying them with the light of the heavenly body, and thrown into a water burning wooden hoops.

Purification by fire and water
In the night on Ivana Kupala can be cleansed by fire and water three times jumped over the fire, and after a dip at the dawn of the pond or the morning dew. If a young man jumped over the fire above all it promised good harvest of his family, as if touched foot fire or firewood trouble. At first the guys jumped over the fire themselves, showing their agility, and then, when the fire faded, with the girls. To take on someone through Купальское the hearth of jumping. After all, if a couple successfully jump through the flames, then they will marry and live together in love and harmony for the whole century. Through fired up bonfires missed and livestock, to protect it from diseases and give fecundity. In the fire could burn a used clothes, shoes and things of patients.

Magic herbs
On the night of the feast of the rural residents are not slept, protecting their homes against witches, devils and other evil spirits that could catch a spell on a horse or a cow, and possibly staying in a hut. Barn fumigated dry wormwood, and on the sill of the house laid nettles or Ivan-da-Marya. Torn Kupala night grass Ivan-da-Marya could speak in human voices, and scare off intruders.
Believed that herbs and berries collected in the Kupala night, possessed magical powers. In the forest and the meadows behind them were sent at the dawn of the Midsummer day, purely washed and clean clothes. Tore them off with dew, reading the prayer. Sometimes whispered a spell that could mention the name of the patient, which was intended these herbs. Kept the plants as a Shrine for the whole year, fumigated their patients or threw a pinch of dried leaves in the microwave, submerged during a storm to lightning in the house was not hit.

Gap-grass and fern flower
On the night of Midsummer, you can try your luck and get the magic herbs: gap-grass and the color of the ferns. From the touch of the gap-grass worked up the pieces of any metal, opened any doors. To find it, it was necessary to mow the Kupala night on a wild wasteland grass until the blade spit will not break. In the place where it fell, we must collect grass and throw him in the river. The herbs that are going to sail against the stream, and there is a gap-grass.
Fern flower, according to popular belief, it blooms only a moment in the night on Ivana Kupala. Those who would find it open all the knowledge in the world: he will understand the language of plants, birds and animals, and easily find any treasures and our own happiness. Many brave souls went into the woods in search of the magic flower. Seeing heat-color, it was necessary to break it and with all the legs go from the forest without being distracted by what is happening around. After all, monsters, mermaids, all the forest inhabitants, and the devil himself will distract you from the valuable production, protecting the fern flower from man and his desires.

Mermaid (rutting pit, ласкотухи, водяницы, мавки)
A special place in the night of Kupala was given mermaids goddesses water. Believed that a mermaid out of water and they can be found in the forest or field. In some villages of the holiday was called Kupala and Madder, where madder was the eldest mermaid or winter deity, насылающей IOE all living things.
Mermaids were mainly young drowned girls who have not known, during the life of man. Therefore, they could not rest until they are seduced by what he saw guy. The Kupala night, a young boy who met a mermaid, advised to behave with her yourself caution: do not ignore защекочет to death, but not resist her charms otherwise would lead to its possession or at the bottom of the pond drag, and the back way.
When afford these days to wear grass peppermint, sage, ljubistka and garlic, they did not give mermaid approach man. Girls to protect themselves from mermaids, it was impossible to swim without underwear of the cross or to walk alone through the forest.

A mixture of pagan and Christian holidays was an interesting examples. So, according to popular belief, swim in open water only after Midsummer, and until the day of the prophet Elijah (2 August). Believed that John the Baptist in your day to drive away evil spirits out of the water and mermaids.

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